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Thursday, May 20, 2010

Schedules of Reinforcement and the Query Process

Once upon a time, a behavioral scientist called B. F. Skinner discovered that if you rewarded rats with a cookie every time they pressed a button, the rats were more likely to repeat said behavior.  The same is true for people.  Give a kid a cookie when the kid asks for one and chances are, she'll ask for another.  And another.

Where things get dicey is that if you mess with how frequently the reward is given, you can actually increase the reward-getting behavior substantially.   It comes down to what researchers call a Variable Ratio (VR) Schedule.  This is the most treacherous schedule of reinforcement because reward is given after a random number of responses (red line on the graph).  In other words, give a kid a cookie, but only after she asks for it a certain number of times.  Then keep changing that number on her.  Chances are, she'll ask even more often than if you just gave her the cookie when she asked in the first place.

What does this have to do with the query process, you ask?  Some might argue that the query process is a variable ratio schedule.  This carrot of publication success is dangled in front of us and as writers we have no way of knowing which query or which submission will be "the one."  We never know when we're going to get a "yes" so we all keep sending out more queries and more submissions, inundating the market, thus making the reward schedule even more random.

Personally, I think that's a rather glum way of looking at things.  To me, writing is more than just a behavior motivated by the reward of publication.  Rather, it's a quiet act of persistence driven by the knowledge that if I do what needs to be done, something good will come of it.  Maybe it won't be the thing I wanted or when I wanted, but if I show up at the page good things can happen.

What about you?  How do you view the writing process?

2 comments:

Lady Glamis said...

This is a great post! Thanks for directing me over here. I think it's important to not look at querying or publishing as some sort of reward. If we're writing to get a reward by someone else, then I think something has been lost. The reward, for me, comes from growth and creating something I'm proud of.

It looks like you write short stories. I hope you enter my contest I have going on over at my blog: http://theinnocentflower.blogspot.com/2010/05/reminder.html

gabi said...

Glad you enjoyed! I totally agree that the reward in writing has to be the writing itself and not from some external force.

Also, thanks for the link! The contest looks like fun and I sent out a story today. :)

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